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Report:
“Are 'boat people' dangerous for Australia?”


Prepare for: Henk Nel
The teacher of academic & communication and skills







ID: 7263384
Due 17 august 2012


Executive Summary

1.0 Introduction

1.1 Background
Smuggling of people occurs when a person secretly facilitates the illegal entry of another person into a country (Nathan, 2012). It may involve the use of illegal means or counterfeit documents. According to Hericourt and Spielvogel (2012, p. 3), smuggling of people can have both negative and positive effects to the country in which the people are smuggled. Smuggling of people can bring a dynamic workforce to a country hence this will act as a means of enhancing the country’s economic growth. However, smuggling of people can lead to insecurity, drug trafficking and Disease Transmission. To avoid negative impacts associated with smuggling people, a country must ensure that it sets out clear policies and rules. This report is going to explore the dangers associated with smuggling of people to Australia.

1.2 Purpose
To investigate whether or not the boat people are dangerous?






1.3 Method
In trying to decide either the boat people are dangerous or not, it is really hard to quantify this without being subjective. Therefore, to answer the question objectively, this report will investigate three specific aspects which are possible to compare: Insecurity, Drug Trafficking and Disease Transmission

1.4 Scope
This report is going to explore how smuggling of people affects various aspects of a country such as Australia. Majority of people smuggled in Australia arrive by boats. Through smuggling of people, the country is exposed into the dangers of insecurity and drug trafficking. Moreover, it can lead to the transmission of unchecked infectious diseases into the country.


2. Insecurity
2.1 Research Findings

Many criminals interviewed found out that most of them were illegally in the country. Half of the illegal criminals were jailed for issues related to crimes. Moreover, it was found out that more than half of the smuggled criminals had no formal jobs. Furthermore, the report found out that those arrested in relation to crime were members of a crime gang. The report found out that 2 of the criminals were smuggled while possessing guns. (Hericourt and Spielvogel 2012, p).


2.2 Discussion
Nathan (2012) argues that smuggling of people can bring insecurity into a country. The fact that these individuals are not monitored can motivate them to come with guns and other objects that can later be used for criminal purposes. Moreover, the smuggled individuals may fail to secure any jobs because they may be ineligible for employment purposes. The individuals may opt to involve themselves in criminal activities in order to survive. The individuals may do this by forming crime gangs and this can in turn lead to serious insecurity in the country. Furthermore, smuggling of people provides the facilitators with an opportunity of smuggling illegal objects and weapons in order to sell them in the country. The smugglers can establish strong linkages with the facilitators with an aim of necessitating the transportation of their illegal weapons during the process. The availability of these weapons in the country will provide criminals with a means of enhancing their activities. As a result of security risk posed by smuggled person, mostly arriving by boat, government of Australia detain every illegal immigrant in the country (Phillips & Spinks 2012, p. 14).

2.3 Conclusion
Smuggled people may lack formal jobs and this can make them to become criminals by joining gangs. Moreover, the smuggled people can come with dangerous weapons which can later be used for criminal purposes.
3.0 Drug Trafficking
3.1 Research Findings
The report found out that out of the 12 drug dealers interviewed 7 were individuals smuggled from other countries. Furthermore, it was found out that these individuals acted as either distributors or agents of drug dealers who were based in their home countries. The report further found out that the 6 out of 12 drug packages were smuggled in the process of smuggling people.
3.2 Discussion
According to Mingming, Benjamin, and Carl (Jul 2012, p. 18), drug traffickers have resulted to smuggling people using boats and other means in order to finance their criminal activities. Moreover, drug traffickers can be smuggled into the country and act as agents and drug distributors. This is because smuggled individuals can be trusted by the drug traffickers to undertake their business unlike foreigners. These presents the citizens with an easy means of obtaining illegal drugs hence exposing them to the dangers associated with drug abuse. This can in turn have a negative long term effect on the society as well as the economic growth of the country.

3.3 Conclusion
Drug traffickers can make use of the process of smuggling drugs to transport their drugs. The smuggled individuals can further act as their agents in the country and this can create negative impacts on the society.


4. Disease Transmission
4.1 Research results
The report found out that all the 12 smuggled individuals were unaware of their health status. The report further found out that 11 of them originated from countries with poor medical and health care services.

4.2 Discussion
Tsurkov (2012, p. 17) notes that smuggled individuals may bring along with them unchecked illnesses that can be easily transmitted to the citizens of a country. The process of smuggling people does not consider the health conditions of the participants’ and this presents the country with a danger in relation to an outbreak of a disease. The smuggled individuals may transmit the disease when they arrive in the country and this can have a serious consequence to the health of citizens. Moreover, the government may suffer a large amount of expenses in controlling the diseases as well as treating those who had already been infected.




4.3 Conclusion
Smuggled people may be suffering from highly infectious diseases. This means that they can transmit the diseases into the country when they arrive. These can create a great danger in relation to the health of the citizens.


5. Recommendation(s)
Insecurity caused as a result of smuggling people can be prevented by setting long term jail sentences for those convicted of crime. This can act as a means of discouraging the smuggled individuals from engaging in criminal activities. Out of 12 citizens interviewed, 9 suggested that the smuggled individuals should be taken to jail while 4 suggested that the smuggled people should be returned to their countries. Furthermore, rules should be set to provide maximum punishment for drug traffickers. In addition, the public should be educated on the dangers associated with drug abuse and also encourage the public to report drug traffickers. The public should be vaccinated from common transmittable diseases. Moreover, people should be encouraged to visit the hospitals in case of any health problems. The government should also set the minimum wage rate and also encourage laborers to join trade unions which can effectively fight for increased wage rates.



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